Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Reasons for fare-free public transit - It works.

Recently I met the people who run
Island Transit in Whidbey Island,
Wash., and rode their fare-free bus
system. It’s a serious operation with 56
buses and 101 vans. Ridership tops a
million a year. Its operating budget is
$8,392,677 – none of it from fares, all
from a 0.6 percent sales tax collected
in Island County.
Despite the pressure to conform,
the pressure to make users pay
and the pressure from conservative
politicians at all levels, Island Transit
has been fare-free from day one and
is proudly so 20 years later. Not one
Island Transit bus, shelter or van has
advertising on it. All of Island Transit’s
buses are bike rack equipped and
wheelchair accessible. For folks with
disabilities, Island Transit also offers
a paratransit service with door-to-door

Sunday, January 28, 2018

Public transport promotes walking

The quality of public transit, and the degree it is integrated into a community, significantly
affects travel activity. As service quality improves and communities become more transitoriented,
residents tend to own fewer vehicles, drive less and rely more on alternative modes
(walking, cycling and public transit) than they otherwise would (ICF 2008; Litman 2007).

Walking to public transit: steps to help meet physical activity recommendations.

PubMed - NCBI: "Americans who use transit spend a median of 19 minutes daily walking to and from transit; 29% achieve > or =30 minutes of physical activity a day solely by walking to and from transit. In multivariate analysis, rail users, minorities, people in households earning <$15,000 a year, and people in high-density urban areas were more likely to spend > or =30 minutes walking to and from transit daily."

Friday, February 3, 2017

PM Pollution from electric cars no better than internal combustion cars

However, this literature review suggests that electric vehicles may not reduce levels of PM as much as expected, because of their relatively high weight. By analysing the existing literature on non-exhaust emissions of different vehicle categories, this review found that there is a positive relationship between weight and non-exhaust PM emission factors. In addition, electric vehicles (EVs) were found to be 24% heavier than equivalent internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs). As a result, total PM10 emissions from EVs were found to be equal to those of modern ICEVs. PM2.5 emissions were only 1e3% lower for EVs compared to modern ICEVs. Therefore, it could be concluded that the increased popularity of electric vehicles will likely not have a great effect on PM levels. Nonexhaust emissions already account for over 90% of PM10 and 85% of PM2.5 emissions from traffic

Saturday, December 10, 2016

2003 Yale study of Automobile Externalities and Free Transit

...Since the abolishment of all transit fares for the entire urban area in July 1997, ridership has increased by more than 1,000 percent (City of Hasselt 2000). The reasoning behind the idea of fare free transit is the following: A considerable modal shift from car travel to public transportation makes the construction of new roads unnecessary, and existing roads can even be built back...

Monday, November 28, 2016

Academic study of US drop in vehicle miles

...the number of miles driven by the average American has been falling. Young Americans have  experienced the greatest changes: driving less; taking transit, biking and walking more; and seeking out places to live in cities and walkable communities where driving is an option, not a necessity.